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Using the Parallel Curriculum Model in Urban Settings, Grades K-8

Using the Parallel Curriculum Model in Urban Settings, Grades K-8

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October 2009 | 128 pages | Corwin
When students in urban settings confront curriculum or pedagogy that is not responsive to their diverse learning experiences, the result is underachievement. Educators, parents, and teachers recognize that meeting the needs of academic, cultural, economic and linguistic diversity among learners occurs when their individual diversity is met with a diverse curriculum.The Parallel Curriculum Model (PCM) is designed to be responsive to different populations in different contexts. PCM implementation in heterogeneous classrooms assists students in demonstrating abilities that are not visible when the traditional, or regular rubric, is used. The authors provide lessons that show educators how to reinforce basic content, connect previously and newly acquired content to form new understandings, and affirm a student's identity as a scholar. Using the Parallel Curriculum Model in Urban Settings, Grades K-8 provides educators in urban settings with detailed parallel curriculum lessons and strategies to enhance the learning experience of diverse students.

Preface: Bridging the Gap
About the Authors
Introduction: The Purposes of the Parallel Curriculum Model
Multiple Applications and the Parallel Curriculum Model

Flexibility of the Parallel Curriculum Model

Structure of the Parallel Curriculum Model

Responding to Student Diversity With Curriculum Diversity

Urban Classroom Dynamics

Developing an Academic Skill Set

Introduction to the PCM Focus Lessons

Lesson Plan Format

Implementing the Lesson Plan

Lesson Plan Scheduling

Depth and Complexity

1. Scholarly Dispositions
Lesson A: Developing an Interest (I)

Lesson B: Developing an Interest (II)

Lesson C: Developing Tenacity

Lesson D: Determining Relevance

Lesson E: Confronting Failure

Lesson F: Intellectual Strengths

Lesson G: Receptivity to Experience

2. Participation Skills
Lesson A: Questioning

Lesson B: Asking for Clarification

Lesson C: Restating

Lesson D: Acknowledging Peers

3. Self-Advocacy
Lesson A: Establishing a Voice

Lesson B: Building Confidence

Lesson C: Establishing an Identity

Lesson D: Multiple Group Membership

4. Presentation Skills
Lesson A: Talking Steps

Lesson B: Ways to Say It

Lesson C: Engaging the Audience

Lesson D: Staying on Target

Appendix A: Designing Curriculum Using the Parallel Curriculum Model
Appendix B: Teaching the Prompts of Depth and Complexity

“My experience teaching the lessons to students helped me understand the importance of self-reflection. The students were able to reflect on their own abilities in learning. The opportunity to define themselves as learners is informative and empowering.”

Robert Grubb, Teacher
Los Angeles City Unified School District, CA

"Teaching students how to be 'lifelong learners' can be realized by helping them develop a sense of responsibility for their learning. These lessons provide that opportunity for students."

Paige A. McGinty, Doctoral Student in Teacher Education, Multicultural Societies
University of Southern California
Key features
  • Introductory overview of the parallel curriculum model
  • 16 ready-to-use parallel curriculum lessons with graphics and reproducibles
  • Detailed instructions for lesson implementation and scheduling
  • Charts showing how the parallel curriculum model enhances learning experiences of diverse students in urban schools

Sample Materials & Chapters


Chapter 1: Scholarly Dispositions

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ISBN: 9781412972192
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